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ADHD in Children: What’s the Latest?

  • ADHD Explained

    ADHD Explained

    ADHD is a chronic behavior
    disorder known as a neurobehavioral disorder that primarily affects children
    and can impact their life significantly. Children with ADHD may perform poorly
    at school, dislike academic work, and suffer from low self-esteem. 

    Learn the latest on this
    common childhood condition.

  • ADHD Rate Rising

    ADHD Rate Rising

    Studies published in JAMA
    show that the ADHD diagnosis rate in children seems to be
    rising. The rate of diagnosis among elementary school-aged children enrolled in
    one Southern California health insurance plan increased from 2.5 percent to 3.1
    percent. It had a relative increase of 24 percent between 2001 and 2010.

    When compared to the entire
    child-aged population, a small number are affected. However, it prompts the
    question: are more children developing ADHD symptoms? Or are more doctors
    diagnosing the condition today than in past years? 

  • Factors of Color and Economic Status

    Factors of Color and Economic Status

    The latest research
    about those affected by ADHD reveals that color and economic status may play a
    role. For unknown reasons, children living in high-income households are more
    likely to be diagnosed with ADHD. White children are among the highest risk
    group, followed by African-Americans and Hispanics.

  • The Gender Gap

    The Gender Gap

    Current trends show that
    boys with ADHD significantly outnumber girls with the condition. The
    Ohio State University explains that boys are two to three times more likely
    to display symptoms of ADHD. 

    However, in some areas of
    the country, as evidenced by the Southern California studies published in JAMA
    African-American girls are quickly catching up.

  • Treatment for Children: Medication

    Treatment for Children: Medication

    The good news for children
    with ADHD is that the condition can likely be treated effectively with
    medication. The Centers
    for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that between 70 and 80
    percent of kids who take stimulant drugs for ADHD show a reduction in symptoms.

    Advances have also been made
    in the use of non-stimulant medications, including anti-depressants, in
    children with ADHD. Anti-depressants carry fewer side effect risks than
    stimulant drugs. They also can help curb aggression, control mood swings, and
    improve attention span.

  • Treatment for Children: Behavior

    Treatment for Children: Behavior

    Although medication is
    effective for many children with ADHD, some parents choose another route. Parent-
    and teacher-orchestrated behavior programs can improve concentration and reduce
    disruptive outbursts. 

    Following a routine can help
    kids organize their thoughts. Knowing the consequences of not completing a task
    can incentivize kids to follow through. Offering incremental rewards can also
    help them meet agreed-upon goals.

    research shows that extra rest may play a role in controlling impulsive
    actions. In one study, kids who slept more at night were able to control their
    emotions more easily and showed behavioral improvements.

  • Co-existing Conditions

    Co-existing Conditions

    Children who have ADHD are
    extremely susceptible to co-existing conditions, mainly depression. Depression
    in children with ADHD can sometimes be difficult to spot because some of the
    symptoms are similar.

    Studies published in JAMA Pediatrics report that children
    whose mothers
    were depressed during pregnancy showed a high risk of depression.
    Youngsters diagnosed with ADHD at a
    very early age (before 7 years old) also had a high risk of developing a
    depressive disorder. 

  • Prediction of Future Health

    Prediction of Future Health

    ADHD can be a predictor of
    future health issues in some children, according to the Journal
    of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
    . Follow-up
    studies performed 33 years after boys were diagnosed with ADHD showed that they
    engaged in a number of risky behaviors as adults. 

    The ADHD group drove more erratically
    and sustained more head injuries and sexually transmitted diseases than the
    control group. Men with ADHD since childhood were also admitted to the
    emergency room more often than those without the neurobehavioral condition.

  • Early Intervention

    Early Intervention

    Early intervention for
    children with ADHD can help them learn to live with their disorder. It can also
    reduce the threat to their future physical and mental health. 

    Parents who observe frequent
    inattention, hyperactive, or impulsive behaviors in their child should contact
    their pediatrician.

Posted by: Dr.Health

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