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Flu Shot: Learn the Side Effects

Flu Shots

Every year, people protect themselves from the flu by
getting vaccinated. The vaccine, which comes in the form of a shot or a nasal
spray, can reduce your chances of getting the flu by as much as 60 percent.

The shot is usually recommended for everyone 6 months of age
or older. Anyone at risk for developing serious complications from the flu
should also receive the flu shot, including pregnant women, people over 65, and
individuals with chronic diseases and their caregivers. The shot is not
recommended for people who have allergies to chicken eggs or people who have
had an allergic reaction to the shot in the past. If you are sick and have a
fever, the CDC recommends waiting until you are better to get the shot.

Though side effects don’t always happen to everyone, they
can range from mild to severe and often depend on the type of vaccine you
receive. Before you get your shot, get educated on the possible side effects.

Find out how to prevent cold & flu »

Pain at the Injection Site

The most common side effects of the shot happen in the place
where the shot was given. After the shot is administered, soreness, redness, warmth,
and in some cases, a slight swelling can occur. Soreness at the injection site
is the most common side effect. This pain and soreness usually lasts less than
two days.

Aches and Pains

Sometimes you might experience some achiness and pain in the
muscles throughout your body after the shot. Like the pain at the injection
site, this usually happens on the first day and goes away within one to two
days. Taking pain relievers can help alleviate some of the pain.

Headache

Headaches, and in some cases dizziness or fainting, can be a
side effect of both the shot and the nasal spray. This is considered a mild
side effect, and it should not last longer than a day or two. If you are prone
to fainting or dizziness with shots, be sure to inform your healthcare
provider.

Fever

A fever of 101 degrees or less is a common side effect of
both the shot and the nasal spray. A slight fever is considered a mild side
effect, and it should go away within a day or two. A high fever (over 101
degrees) is not common, and you should call your doctor or seek medical
attention if you are concerned.

Learn about possible complications from the flu »

Runny Nose and Sore Throat

The nasal spray can cause a few side effects that the shot
does not. This is because of where the nasal spray is administered. Some people
who receive the nasal spray experience a runny nose and sore throat afterwards.

Severe Allergic Reactions

Rarely, the flu vaccine can cause severe allergic reactions.
The signs of a severe allergic reaction include hives, swelling, trouble
breathing, an accelerated heartbeat, changes in behavior, dizziness, and
weakness. Severe allergic reactions usually happen within a few hours of
receiving the vaccine. If you experience any of these side effects, call 911 or
your doctor immediately.

Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS)

In extremely rare cases, some types of flu vaccines can cause
Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). This is a neurologic condition that causes
weakness and paralysis throughout your body. This condition requires immediate
hospitalization. Patients usually recover within a short amount of time. According
to the Centers
for Disease Control and Prevention, One in 100,000 people who received the
swine flu vaccine in 1976 were at risk of developing GBS.

When Not to Take the Shot

Talk to your healthcare provider about the benefits and
risks of getting the flu vaccine. While there are many side effects, most are
mild and the severe side effects are very rare. You should avoid the vaccine if
you are allergic to chicken eggs (the vaccine is made in chicken eggs), if you
have had a severe reaction or Guillain-Barré syndrome in the past, or if you
are suffering from a mild illness.

Posted by: Dr.Health

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