A sore throat refers to pain,
itchiness, or irritation of the throat. You may have difficulty swallowing food
and liquids, and the pain may get worse when you try to swallow. Throat pain is
the primary symptom of a sore throat.
Even if a sore throat isn’t serious enough to warrant a trip to the
doctor, it’s still painful and may interfere with a good night’s sleep.
Fortunately, there are a number of at-home remedies you can use to soothe the
pain and irritation. These include:
- licorice root
- slippery elm
- salt water
- marshmallow root
- baking soda
- chamomile tea
What causes sore throats?
Allergies, dry air, and outdoor pollution, as well as illnesses like
the common cold, flu, measles, chickenpox, mononucleosis (mono), and the croup,
can all cause sore throats. These illnesses are all viral infections that will
not respond to antibiotics.
Bacterial infections are responsible for only a small percentage of
sore throats, including those linked with strep throat, whooping cough, and
diphtheria. Most doctors recommend calling a doctor only in cases of severe
sore throat accompanied by a fever, or when swollen tonsils block the throat.
Remedy #1: Licorice root
Licorice root has long been used to treat sore throats, and recent
research shows it is effective when mixed with water to create a gargle
solution. A 2009 study, for
instance, found that it soothed throats and diminished coughing after surgery.
Remedy #2: Slippery elm
More research is needed on slippery elm, but it has long been a
traditional remedy for sore throat.
Slippery elm has a mucus-like substance in it. When mixed with water,
this substance forms a slick gel that coats and soothes. To use, pour boiling
water over powdered bark, stir, and drink. You may also find that slippery elm
Remedy #3: Honey
Honey mixed in tea or simply taken straight up is a common household
remedy for a sore throat. One study found that honey was even more
effective at taming nighttime coughs than common cough suppressants.
studies have also shown that honey is an effective wound healer, which means
it may help speed healing for sore throats.
Remedy #4: Salt water
Gargling salt water is a known treatment for sore throats. According
University of Connecticut, gargling with warm salt water can help soothe
a sore throat and break down secretions. It’s also known to help kill bacteria
in the throat.
A salt water solution consisting of 1/2 teaspoon of salt in a glass of
warm water can help reduce swelling and keep the throat clean. This should be
done every three hours or so.
Remedy #5: Marshmallow root
Like slippery elm, marshmallow root contains a mucus-like substance
that coats and soothes a sore throat. Simply add some of the dried root to a
cup of boiling water to make tea. Sipping the tea two to three times a day may
help ease throat pain.
Remedy #6: Peppermint
Peppermint is known for its ability to freshen breath. However, sprays
containing peppermint oil may also relieve sore throats. Peppermint has
menthol, which helps thin mucus and calm sore throats and coughs.
study reported that peppermint contains anti-inflammatory, antibacterial,
and antiviral properties, which may help encourage healing.
Remedy #7: Baking soda gargle
While the salt water gargle is more commonly used, gargling baking
soda mixed with salt water can help to relieve a sore throat as well. Gargling
this solution can kill bacteria and prevent both yeast and fungi growth.
The National Cancer Institute recommends gargling and gently swishing
a combination of 1 cup warm
water, 1/4 teaspoon baking soda, and 1/8 teaspoon of salt. They
recommend repeating this every three hours as needed.
Remedy #8: Fenugreek
Fenugreek has a large number of health benefits, and it comes in a
variety of forms. You can eat fenugreek seeds, use the oil topically, or drink
fenugreek tea. Fenugreek tea is a natural remedy for sore throats.
demonstrated the healing powers of fenugreek. Its anti-inflammatory effects can
relieve pain, and its antibacterial properties can kill off bacteria that cause
irritation or inflammation. Fenugreek is also an effective antifungal.
Remedy #9: Chamomile tea
Chamomile tea is naturally soothing, and is one of the oldest herbs to
be used medicinally for conditions like sore throats. It’s often used for its
anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and astringent properties.
studies have shown that inhaling chamomile steam can help relieve symptoms of
a cold, including a sore throat. Drinking chamomile tea can offer these same
benefits. It can also stimulate the immune system, aiding your body in fighting
off whatever caused your sore throat in the first place.
Sore throat remedies for infants and children
While sore throats in infants and young children definitely aren’t
fun, the good news is that they’re rarely the sign of a medical emergency on
their own. However, treating sore throats may be different for infants and
children. Some tips and remedies for sore throats in young children include:
- Adding cool mist or a humidifier to your child’s
room can help to relieve pain, thanks to moisture in the air.
- Honey shouldn’t be given to children under 1
- Keep children hydrated by encouraging them to
drink as much as possible. Avoid juices or popsicles with lots of citrus.
Preventing a sore throat involves staying away from those who are sick
with an infectious illness like the flu or strep throat, and washing your hands
frequently. You can also avoid spicy or particularly acidic foods, and stay away
from chemical fumes or smoke that could cause inflammation.
When natural remedies just aren’t cutting it, there are several
over-the-counter treatment options. Ibuprofen can be an effective pain
reliever. Follow it with a full glass of water while sitting or standing up so
it doesn’t stay in the throat and cause irritation. Acetaminophen can also be
effective, and can be given to young children.
In addition to pain-relieving oral treatments, over-the-counter
options like lozenges or numbing sprays can provide relief.
Other potential options
Other potential sore throat soothers include eucalyptus, which you’ll likely
find in natural throat lozenges and cough syrups. Trying out these various
natural remedies — while making sure to drink lots of fluids and get your rest —
may help you feel better more quickly, and save you a trip to the doctor’s