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Pictures of Skin Allergies in Children

  • Pictures of Skin Allergies in Children

    Pictures of Skin Allergies in Children

    Rashes
    happen from time to time, especially in dry weather. If your child’s rash
    doesn’t seem to go away despite home remedies and lotions, then you could be
    dealing with skin allergies.

    According
    to the Centers for Disease
    Control and Prevention, the prevalence of skin allergies in children increased from 7.4 to
    12.5 percent between 1997 and 2011. This statistic shows that skin allergies
    are a real problem in children. Learning the different types and symptoms of
    skin allergies can lead the way to more effective treatment—and, ultimately,
    relief for your kids.

  • Causes of Skin Allergies

    Causes of Skin Allergies

    Allergies occur when the
    body negatively reacts to certain substances. These can include, but aren’t
    limited to:

    • dust mites
    • dyes
    • food
    • fragrances
    • latex
    • mold
    • pet dander
    • pollen

    In
    some cases, skin allergy symptoms show up when the skin comes into direct
    contact with an external substance. Signs may also appear in conjunction with
    other types of allergy symptoms, such as headache, congestion, sneezing, and
    runny nose. 

  • Atopic Dermatitis

    Atopic Dermatitis

    Atopic
    dermatitis is characterized by red rashes that may or may not itch. According
    to KidsHealth, it is the most common
    form of eczema, an inflammatory skin condition that affects millions of people
    around the world. Most people who develop atopic dermatitis do so during
    childhood, and usually before the age of five. Environmental pollutants are thought
    to be a leading cause of atopic dermatitis, which explains why it is more
    common in urban areas than the countryside. There is also a link to hay fever
    and asthma. Atopic dermatitis may occur with or without allergies.

  • Allergic Contact Dermatitis

    Allergic Contact Dermatitis

    Contact dermatitis results
    in a rash immediately after being exposed to an irritating substance. If your
    child develops an allergy to a substance, then he or she may have allergic
    contact dermatitis. Fragrances, clothing, food, plants, and metals are all
    common culprits. Symptoms are:

    • itchy, red skin
    • scales and cracks
    • blisters
    • leathery skin from frequent exposure
  • Hives

    Hives

    Hives
    are different in appearance and texture from eczema. They are often associated
    with a severe allergic reaction that may accompany other symptoms. These
    include breathing difficulties and swollen mouth or face. If your child
    exhibits any of these symptoms, seek emergency medical help immediately. Your
    doctor may also instruct you to use an epinephrine shot. Hives look like large
    bug bites, with raised red skin patches. Unlike other skin allergies, they
    don’t have dryness or scales.

  • Sebborheic Dermatitis

    Sebborheic Dermatitis

    Sebborheic
    dermatitis can occur at any age, but it is extremely common in infants. Often
    called “cradle cap,” the resulting rashes are characterized by crusty, scaly
    patches. They can range from yellow to red in color. The rash looks similar to
    atopic dermatitis, except the patches have a waxy, oily texture. The primary
    danger with sebborheic dermatitis is its potential to turn into a skin
    infection from scratching the area. This type of skin allergy is more prevalent
    in oily skin types, and tends to run in families.

  • Testing and Diagnosis

    Testing and Diagnosis

    Not
    all skin rashes are caused by allergies, but it’s important to rule out this
    possibility early on. This way, your doctor can prescribe the right treatments.
    Patch testing is the most common form of allergy diagnosis. Also called the
    skin prick test, the process involves the introduction of small amounts of
    allergens into the skin. If a reaction occurs, then your child may have an
    allergy to the substance. Your doctor will use various substances based on
    environment and family history.

    Other diagnostic tests may
    include:

    • blood tests
    • elimination diet (for food allergies)
    • urine analysis
  • Treatment Options

    Treatment Options

    Numerous treatment options
    are available for skin allergies:

    • antihistamines for immediate itching relief (added sedatives may also
      help your child sleep during the night)
    • emollient-containing lotions to relieve extreme dryness associated with
      atopic and allergic chemical dermatitis
    • corticosteroids to reduce inflammation

    Allergy
    shots can provide long-term relief for chronic skin allergies. Also called
    immunotherapy, these shots contain small amounts of allergens to help build up
    the body’s immunity to triggers.

    Oral
    and topical antibiotics may also be used for rashes that become infected. It is
    important to prevent scratching as much as possible to avoid skin infections. 

  • Outlook

    Outlook

    Skin
    allergies happen at any age, but the CDC says they are most common
    in young children. This is why it’s important to address any unusual skin changes
    in your child early before complications ensue. Proactive measures are
    important in preventing recurring skin allergy symptoms in children. Even if a
    rash goes away, it can come back if your child is exposed to certain triggers
    again. Work with a pediatrician to make sure all treatment measures are
    addressed and apply topical ointments as directed. 

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References:

  • Allergy Testing for Children (2005). Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America. Retrieved
    August 27, 2013, from http://www.aafa.org/display.cfm?id=9&sub=19&cont=253
  • Eczema. (n.d.). KidsHealth. Retrieved September 5, 2013, from http://kidshealth.org/parent/infections/skin/eczema_atopic_dermatitis.html
  • Rashes (n.d.). National Institutes of Health. Retrieved August 27, 2013, from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/rashes.html
  • Seasonal Allergies in Children (2013, May 29). American Academy of Pediatrics. Retrieved
    August 27, 2013, from http://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/conditions/allergies-asthma/pages/Seasonal-Allergies-in-Children.aspx?nfstatus=401&nftoken=00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000&nfstatusdescription=ERROR%3a+No+local+token
  • Trends in Allergic Reactions Among Children
    (2013, May 2). Centers for Disease
    Control and Prevention.
    Retrieved August 27, 2013, from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db121.htm

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Natural Remedies for Children With Allergies

A hypersensitive immune system defends the body against these triggering substances (allergens). It releases histamines, which causes allergic symptoms like rashes or itchy, watery eyes.

Discover natural treatments. »

boy receiving allergy treatment

Common Allergies in Kids to Watch Out For

Allergies can get in the way of your child’s ability to sleep well, play normally, and function in school. Here’s what to look out for and when, and how to determine if your child’s symptoms may signal an allergy.

Learn about common symptoms. »

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Posted by: Dr.Health

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