Researchers carried out a study called Learning Early About Peanut Allergy (LEAP).This study is based on observations that Israeli children have lower rates of peanut allergy while Jewish children have higher rates in the United Kingdom.The study tested the premise that Israeli childrenthe in a lower rates of peanut allergy ,but it will leadto high levels of peanut consumption .
“Food allergies are a growing concern, not just in the United States but around the world,” said NIAID Director Anthony S. Fauci, M.D. “For a study to show a benefit of this magnitude in the prevention of peanut allergy is without precedent. The results have the potential to transform how we approach food allergy prevention.”
LEAP compared two strategies to prevent peanut allergy–consumption or avoidance of dietary peanut–in infants who were at high risk of developing peanut allergy because they already had egg allergy and/or severe eczema, an inflammatory skin disorder.
“The study also excluded infants showing early strong signs of having already developed peanut allergy. The safety and effectiveness of early peanut consumption in this group remains unknown and requires further study,” said Dr. Lack. “Parents of infants and young children with eczema or egg allergy should consult with an allergist, pediatrician, or their general practitioner prior to feeding them peanut products.”