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Study Said That Children Sleep Quality Relate To ADHD Medicine

Children may have a bad sleep quality due to take ADHD medicine, a new study responsed.The study addresses decades of conflicting opinions and evidence about the medications’ effect on sleep.

In what’s known as a “meta-analysis,” researchers from the UNL Department of Psychology combined and analyzed the results from past studies of how ADHD medications affect sleep.

The Nebraska researchers found children given the medicines take significantly longer to fall asleep, have poorer quality sleep, and sleep for shorter periods.

About 1 in 14 children and adolescents in the U.S. are diagnosed with ADHD, a chronic condition that includes attention difficulty, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. In the most common form of ADHD treatment, about 3.5 million are prescribed stimulant medications such as Ritalin and Adderall.Study Said That Children Sleep Quality Relate To ADHD Medicine

Many research articles have been written in the past 30 years on whether ADHD medications harm the ability to sleep. Some researchers have found that the drugs do interfere with sleep, particularly if taken later in the day. Others maintain the medications improve patients with ADHD’s ability to sleep, by relieving symptoms and reducing resistance to bedtime. Indeed, some suggest that sleep problems are caused by the medication wearing off near bedtime, creating withdrawal symptoms.

“One reason we did the study is that researchers have hypothesized different effects, and there are some conflicting findings in the literature,” said Timothy Nelson, an associate professor of psychology involved in the study. “This is when a meta-analysis is most useful. By aggregating and previous research in a rigorous and statistical way, we can identify the main findings that we see across all these studies. It’s essentially a study of studies.

The researchers found that both methylphenidate medications like Ritalin and amphetamines like Adderall cause sleep problems, without identifying differences between the two. Although they were unable to determine whether varying dosage amounts changed the effect on sleep, they found that more frequent dosages made it harder for children to fall asleep.

They found that drugs tend to cause more sleep problems for boys. The problems dissipate, but never completely go away, the longer children continue to take the medication.”Sleep impairment is related to many cognitive, emotional and behavioral consequences, such as inattention, irritability and defiance,” Kidwell said. “Sleep adverse effects could undermine the benefits of stimulant medications in some cases. Pediatricians should carefully consider dosage amounts, standard versus extended release, and dosage frequencies to minimize sleep problems while effectively treating ADHD symptoms.”

Posted by: Dr.Health

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